30-01-08

Rusland waarschuwt Europa om Kosovo

Als Europa zonder mandaat van de Verenigde Naties een politiemissie naar Kosovo stuurt, zal dat 'ernstige consequenties voor het systeem der internationale betrekkingen' hebben. Het Russische ministerie van buitenlandse zaken heeft dat dinsdag gezegd. Unilateraal optreden is in strijd met het internationaal recht, zei een woordvoerder van het ministerie.

De Europese Unie is van plan een politiemissie naar Kosovo te sturen om de huidige VN-missie in het gebied te vervangen. Secretaris-generaal van de VN Ban Ki-moon zei vrijdag dat hij zich nog niet achter de Europese plannen kan scharen, vanwege de betwiste status van Kosovo. De VN besturen Kosovo sinds het eind van de oorlog in 1999.

Kosovo wil onafhankelijk worden van Servie, maar zowel Belgrado als Moskou is daar tegen. Rusland heeft aangegeven in de VN-Veiligheidsraad zijn vetomacht te zullen gebruiken om onafhankelijkheid van Kosovo te voorkomen. Volgens Rusland is de internationale aanwezigheid in Kosovo geregeld in resolutie 1244 van de Veiligheidsraad en kunnen daar geen wijzigingen in worden aangebracht zonder toestemming van diezelfde raad.

16:41 Gepost door Kris Roman in Kosovo en Metohiya | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

Serb nationalist Nikolic pledges pro-Russian stance if wins vote

Serbia's nationalist presidential contender told Russian lawmakers on Wednesday that if elected, his policies will be favorable to Russia, a deputy speaker of the lower house of parliament said.

Serbian Radical Party leader Tomislav Nikolic is currently neck-and-neck in the opinion polls with pro-European incumbent Boris Tadic ahead of the February 3 runoff. Nicolic arrived in Russia on Tuesday on a two-day visit, and met on Wednesday with the speakers of the two houses of parliament.

Nikolic "said that in his position as a leader and a potential president he will insist that cooperation with Russia be expanded in economics, politics and other spheres," said Alexander Babakov, deputy State Duma speaker.

The candidate considers that Serbia's "main political partner is Russia," he said.

The nationalist Serb politician's campaign for president has been given a boost by the ongoing dispute over Serbia's breakaway province of Kosovo, which is expected to unilaterally declare its independence in the next few weeks, despite resistance from Belgrade.

Russia has consistently backed Belgrade's position on Kosovo and supported Serbia's territorial integrity.

Nikolic, seen as an anti-Western far-right figure, gained a five-point advantage in Sunday's first voting round, sparking concerns in the EU. Although the president's powers are limited in Serbia, the office has important symbolic significance.Tomislav Nikolic

16:27 Gepost door Kris Roman in Actualiteit | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

Serbiens Präsidentenkandidat Nikolic verspricht bei Wahlsieg russlandfreundliche Politik

Der serbische Präsidentschaftskandidat Tomislav Nikolic hat bei seinem Besuch in Russland versprochen, bei seinem Wahlsieg eine prorussische Politik zu betreiben.

Das teilte der Vizechef der Staatsduma (Unterhaus des russischen Parlaments), Alexander Babakow, mit, der dem Gespräch Nikolics mit Duma-Chef Boris Gryslow beiwohnte. Nach seinen Worten sieht Nikolic Russland als den wichtigsten politischen Partner Serbiens an und will im Falle seines Wahlsieges die bilateralen Beziehungen auch in der Wirtschaft und in anderen Bereichen ausbauen.

Bei dem Treffen im Parlament kam auch das Problem der abtrünnigen serbischen Provinz Kosovo zur Sprache. Laut Babkow bestätigte Russland seine ablehnende Haltung zu einer einseitigen Unabhängigkeit dieser mehrheitlich von Albanern bewohnten Provinz.

Nikolic lag nach der ersten Runde der Präsidentschaftswahl in Serbien am 20. Januar mit 39,99 Prozent der Stimmen vor dem Amtsinhaber Boris Tadic (35,39 Prozent). Die Stichwahl ist für den 3. Februar angesetzt.Tomislav Nikolic

16:12 Gepost door Kris Roman in Algemeen | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

Will Russia’s stake win in Serbian elections?

http://en.rian.ru/
RIA Novosti political commentator Yelena Shesternina

On Friday, Vladimir Putin met with Serbian President Boris Tadic and Serbian Prime Minister Vojislav Kostunica in the Kremlin.

It was announced that the main goal of the visit was to sign agreements in the oil and gas sphere (Gazprom’s planned purchase of the controlling interest in the state-run oil company NIS and the laying of a section of the South Stream gas pipeline on Serbian territory) and discuss privatization of the Serbian airline JAT - Aeroflot wants to buy a controlling block of shares in it.

But the talks were not limited to economic projects. The parties discussed Kosovo and the domestic political situation in Serbia. On February 3, Serbia will have a second round of presidential elections, and Boris Tadic needs Moscow’s support as never before.

He is not the only one, though. The winner of the first round, nationalist Tomislav Nikolic is going to visit Moscow in several days. He will also try to persuade the Russian authorities to give him public support. But only deputies of the State Duma are ready to meet him. No meetings are planned with Putin or Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. Moreover, the latter did not even know that a potential future Serbian president was coming to Moscow. “We have received no notification of this,” Lavrov said at a news conference this week. Such ignorance makes it clear that Moscow has already placed its stake in the Serbian elections.

Why have Kremlin officials and Russian diplomats decided to support Tadic? Nikolic - number two in the Serbian Radical Party (number one is Vojislav Seselj who is accused by the Hague Tribunal of crimes against humanity) - looks a bigger supporter of friendship with Moscow than his opponent. Tadic is ready to be friends with Russia, but to no bigger extent than with the West and is hoping for Serbia to join the European Union (EU) sooner or later. The president believes that even the loss of Kosovo (most NATO members are in favor of its independence) will not ruin these plans.

Meanwhile, Nikolic bluntly said that he is prepared to sever relations with the West as soon as it recognizes Kosovo’s independence, that Serbia can live without the EU, and that deployment of a Russian military base on Serbian territory may be a reply to Kosovo’s cessation. Nikolic believes that Moscow would benefit from this step - it would be an adequate answer to the plans to deploy U.S. missile defense elements in the Czech Republic and Poland. “If the United States deploys missiles in Europe as a counter-terrorist measure, Russia can set up a stronghold in Serbia,” he said. Serbia will host Russian missiles with nuclear warheads, he added.

Moscow has not replied to this for several reasons. First, although Nikolic has won the first round, there is no guarantee that he will win the second one. A little more than four percent between the two main rivals is not such a big gap. Now everything depends on who the outsiders of the first round will support.

Right now, the current president has more potential supporters. This is why Moscow does not want to give Nikolic additional dividends in the form of open support - he will remain a friend of Moscow and does not even have to be persuaded, as distinct from Tadic. If the prospects of the EU entry become real, Tadic may forget his current pro-Russian leanings.

Second, support for radical Nikolic has obvious minuses, even if he wins the elections. Deploying nuclear missiles in the Balkans is tantamount to overt confrontation with the West. Nikolic may forget about his proposal right after the voting - everything goes on the eve of the elections when the rating is at stake. Nobody can guarantee that this proposal is no more than election rhetoric. The Russian leaders have never heard about this proposal - it was made public in the media.

Third, Russia is not at all interested in Serbia’s complete isolation, which will be the case if Nikolic wins. Unlike NATO, the expansion of the EU has not irritated Moscow. It has found unpleasant only the attempts of some new EU members to settle accounts with Moscow under the EU cover - this is particularly true of the Baltic nations and Poland. But Serbia will never behave like that. Moscow would welcome the appearance of a new pro-Russian state in the EU, all the more so since Serbia has very few friends there.

Obviously Russia has placed its stake. Now it will have to wait for February 3 to see whether it will win.Putin-Kostunica-Tadic

15:55 Gepost door Kris Roman in Actualiteit | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

Kosovo: Moscou prépare sa riposte en cas d'indépendance unilatérale

La Russie a annoncé lundi avoir préparé une série de mesures à prendre en cas de proclamation unilatérale d'indépendance du Kosovo.

"Le ministère des Affaires étrangères a préparé tout un panel de mesures conformes à sa position par rapport à l'indépendance du Kosovo", a indiqué le représentant spécial du ministère pour les Balkans, Alexandre Botsan-Khartchenko, lors d'une audition au comité international de la Douma (chambre basse du parlement russe).

La Russie estime que le futur statut du Kosovo, qui revendique son indépendance par rapport à la Serbie, doit être défini dans le respect des intérêts de Belgrade et de Pristina.

Sans dévoiler la nature des mesures envisagées, M. Botsan-Khartchenko s'est limité à déclarer qu'elles seraient "présentées à l'administration russe" et ne prévoyaient pas la possibilité d'abandon des positions de principe de Moscou.

Moscou compte poursuivre la coordination de ses efforts avec Belgrade, focalisés sur les aspects pratiques. "Nous voulons être certains d'avoir tout fait pour maintenir le processus sur les rails des négociations", a souligné le diplomate russe.

15:52 Gepost door Kris Roman in Kosovo en Metohiya | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

27-01-08

Présidentielle serbe: un candidat à la présidence participera à une réunion d'un comité parlementaire russe

Le candidat au second tour de la présidentielle du 3 février en Serbie Tomislav Nikolic est attendu lundi 28 janvier à une réunion élargie du Comité pour les Affaires internationales de la Douma (Chambre basse du parlement russe), a appris vendredi aux journalistes à Moscou le président du comité Konstantin Kossatchev.

Selon M. Kossatchev, cette réunion sera consacrée à la situation autour de la province serbe du Kosovo dont la majorité albanaise cherche à obtenir l'indépendance vis-à-vis de la Serbie.

Les participants à cette future rencontre se proposent notamment d'analyser le déroulement de la discussion à la dernière session de l'Assemblée parlementaire du Conseil de l'Europe (APCE).

Comme l'a fait remarquer le président du Comité pour les Affaires internationales de la Chambre basse du parlement russe, lors de la session de janvier, des décisions très importantes ont été adoptées à l'APCE en ce qui concerne la confirmation de la prise de position russe sur l'inadmissibilité d'une proclamation unilatérale d'indépendance du Kosovo.

Ainsi, les parlementaires européens ont soutenu l'amendement préparé par la Russie à la résolution sur le problème du futur statut du Kosovo, conformément auquel "les parties au conflit sont appelées à la poursuite des négociations sur la base de la résolution 1244 du Conseil de sécurité de l'Organisation des Nations Unies et à la recherche d'une solution de compromis dans un proche avenir afin d'empêcher la transformation du Kosovo en poudrière et finalement en conflit gelé dans les Balkans".

Tomislav Nikolic, leader du Parti radical serbe (SRS) a remporté le premier tour de la présidentielle avec 39,99% de voix devant le président sortant de Serbie Boris Tadic qui n'a recueilli, lui, que 35,39% des suffrages exprimés.

Tomislav Nikolic qui est considéré comme un politique prorusse se trouvera à Moscou à l'invitation de la direction du parti Russie juste.

Formellement toujours partie intégrante de la Serbie, la province du Kosovo est administrée depuis 1999 par la Mission d'administration intérimaire des Nations Unies au Kosovo. Pristina insiste sur sa totale indépendance vis-à-vis de la Serbie, alors que Belgrade lui propose une large autonomie. L'Occident s'est déclaré prêt à reconnaître l'indépendance du Kosovo. Quoi qu'il en soit, la Russie a soutenu la Serbie qui exclut toute redéfinition des frontières ce que serait une violation de la Charte de l'ONU.

23:43 Gepost door Kris Roman in Actualiteit | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

08-01-08

Moskau warnt Kosovo vor einseitiger Unabhängigkeit

Im Vorfeld der Kosovo-Debatte vor dem UN-Sicherheitsrat warnt Moskau erneut vor einer einseitigen Unabhängigkeit der abtrünnigen südserbischen Provinz.

Russland gehe nach wie vor davon aus, dass eine einseitige Unabhängigkeit des Kosovo nicht legitim wäre, sagte Vizeaußenminister Alexander Jakowenko am Samstag in Moskau. Er warnte andere Staaten, die Unabhängigkeit des Kosovo anzuerkennen, sollte diese ohne Zustimmung der UNO ausgerufen werden. Laut Jakowenko gibt es noch Chancen, den Kosovo-Streit durch Verhandlungen beizulegen.

Der russische Diplomat verwies darauf, dass das Mandat der UN-Übergangsverwaltung im Kosovo (UNMIK) gültig bleibt, solange der Weltsicherheitsrat es nicht außer Kraft setzt. Das Weltgremium wird am 16. Januar einen Bericht seiner Mission im Kosovo erörtern.

Das Kosovo gehört seit dem Angriff der NATO im Jahre 1999 formell zu Serbien, steht jedoch unter UN-Verwaltung. Die albanische Mehrheit fordert die Unabhängigkeit der Provinz. Serbien lehnt jede Form von Unabhängigkeit der Provinz ab und bietet statt dessen weitgehende Autonomierechte an. Die Verhandlungen zwischen Serbien und den Kosovo-Albanern waren Anfang Dezember nach vier Monaten ohne Durchbruch zu Ende gegangen.

Die USA und einige europäische Staaten unterstützen eine einseitige Unabhängigkeit des Kosovo und halten weitere Verhandlungen für aussichtslos. Russland wirbt für eine Lösung auf der Grundlage des Völkerrechts und weitere Gespräche zwischen Serbien und den Kosovo-Albanern.

01:20 Gepost door Kris Roman in Kosovo en Metohiya | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

Moscow warns against unilateral independence for Kosovo

Russia’s Foreign Ministry has reiterated its warning against the declaration of unilateral independence for Kosovo as the UN Security Council is preparing to discuss the issue. The Security Council will discuss a report by the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) on January 16.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Yakovenko said the proclamation of the province’s unilateral independence, without a relevant UN decision, would be unlawful. “We are convinced that a negotiated settlement of the Kosovo problem is still possible,” he said.

A report of the Secretary-General on the UNMIK said that “while the Unity Team continued to attend the Troika-led talks, its representatives repeatedly stated that any further extension of talks would be unacceptable.”

“Public pressure on the new Government and Assembly to act swiftly to declare independence following the end of the period of engagement is high,” it said.

Yakovenko said previously that the main outcome of the UN Security Council’s work on Kosovo in 2007 was to prevent a unilateral decision on Kosovo’s independence, adding that the Kosovo problem could only be resolved through negotiations.

The UN Security Council failed last year to bridge divisions over the future of Kosovo. Most Western countries are seeking independence for the volatile area, which has been a UN protectorate since NATO bombings of the former Yugoslavia ended a war between Albanians and Serb forces in 1999.

The Russian Foreign Ministry said earlier Russia would use its veto power at the UN Security Council if a decision on Kosovo’s unilateral independence was made.

Some other Security Council members, including Cyprus and Greece, have also voiced opposition to a unilateral declaration of sovereignty by Kosovo, fearing this could set a precedent for separatist regions on their territories.

00:57 Gepost door Kris Roman in Algemeen | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |